CT scan attenuation value measurement as a diagnostic tool for patients with pleural effusions

 Gerta Repečkaitė1, Rokas Kurtinaitis1, Laima Dobrovolskienė Md Phd.1, Algidas Basevičius Md Phd.1 Domas Golubickas1  1Department of Radiology of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Kaunas, Lithuania. Abstract Background: Fluid in the pleural cavity is a common clinical problem with many potential causes. Despite the clinical and radiological findings providing important data about the cause(s) of content …

Gray-scale and Doppler ultrasound: significance in predicting malignancy of thyroid nodules

Gintaras Kuprionis1, Raimondas Valickas1, Rasita Pavilionė1, Žygimantas Štaras1, Ugnė Marcinkutė1 1Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania Abstract Introduction: There have been various systems for identifying risk of thyroid nodule malignancy using ultrasound (US), with the most recent being 2017 American College of Radiology proposed TI-RADS. However, this system does not take vascular patterns into …

Primary intraosseous meningioma of the calvarium presenting as a solitary osteoblastic lesion. A case report.

  ABSTRACT Background: Intraosseous meningiomas are extradural meningiomas, which are rare lesions arising in the skull. They are likely to originate from intraosseous entrapment of arachnoid cells. They are often asymptomatic, but may cause symptoms depending on the location and size. Surgical resection is usually used to treat patients. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy may be …

Natural antiviral therapy (Cissampelos pareira mix) efficacy against dengue virus monitoring by PET CT as biomarker.

ABSTRACT Background: Dengue mosquito borne viral infection consisting of four serotypes has been increasing morbidity and mortality to steady rise in India for more than decade. Lack of specific treatment caused significant challenges to the health system in the management of fatal cases.  The clinical spectrum of dengue, caused by any of the four serotypes …

Ultrasound guided foam sclerotherapy: evaluation of complications and short-term effectiveness.

ABSTRACT Objectives: To describe the complications following ultrasound guided foam sclerotherapy, and outcomes at 2 and 6 months following treatment. Methods: Patients with primary or secondary varicose veins and treated with UGFS were followed up at 1 week and 2 months by Duplex Doppler Ultrasound to assess the effectiveness of the procedure and to document …

Primary intraosseous meningioma of the calvarium presenting as a solitary osteoblastic lesion. A case report.

ABSTRACT Background: Intraosseous meningiomas are extradural meningiomas, which are rare lesions arising in the skull. They are likely to originate from intraosseous entrapment of arachnoid cells. They are often asymptomatic, but may cause symptoms depending on the location and size. Surgical resection is usually used to treat patients. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy may be needed …

Unilateral renal lymphangiectasia – the role of Ultrasound, CT and MRI. A case report.  

ABSTRACT  Renal lymphangiectasia is a rare disorder characterized by ectasia of perirenal, peripelvic and intrarenal lymphatic vessels. A disturbance in the drainage of renal sinus lymphatics results in ectasia of peripelvic, intrarenal and perirenal lymphatics, and leads to the formation of renal lymphangiectasia. Multiple cysts with various sizes are seen in the perinephric space, renal …

Direct seventh-eighth cranial nerve involvement by brain stem glioma – a case report

ABSTRACT Brainstem gliomas constitute 10-20% of all pediatric CNS tumors. Brain stem astrocytomas are usually fibrillary. Based on their appearance they can be focal, exophytic, cervico-medullary and focal tectal gliomas. Malignant gliomas are characterized by the infiltrative growth of malignant cells and they grow along the white matter tracts. Rarely, an extension of a tumor …

Patient preparation importance for diagnostic quality of PET-CT images

Abstract Objective: to evaluate the importance of patient preparation for diagnostic quality of PET-CT images. Methods: prospective study of 188 patients‘ who underwent PET-CT examination at our Nuclear medicine department has been carried out. Patients were asked to fill in questionnaire about preparation for PET-CT. Then PET-CT images were analysed and attributed to one of …

Advanced imaging in epilepsy: literature review and our experience

Abstract Background. The diagnosis of epilepsy is mostly based on clinical features of seizures and the results of electrophysiological and neuroimaging methods. Unluckily, there is no single imaging technique that can provide all the needed information: to confirm the etiology of seizures, to prognose the outcome of the disease and provide both structural and functional …